Avalanche Forecast for Wednesday, December 19, 2018

This forecast was published 12/19/2018 at 7:09 AM.
A new forecast will be issued tomorrow.


This is an archived avalanche forecast and expired on 12/19/2018 at midnight.

The Bottom Line

Strong winds in the past 24 hours pounded the 4” of snow that fell in the past 48 hours into our steep slopes. The resulting wind slabs are likely to be very stubborn where you find them in the most sheltered terrain. Unfortunately, they may be resting on a slippery ice crust or a combination of ice crust with a weak faceted layer nearby. Steep slopes with an aspect facing away from the hurricane force northwest winds may contain larger but stubborn wind slabs. Consider these slopes to have  MODERATE avalanche danger today. It may be possible for a rider or climber to trigger one of these slabs. Wind erosion has likely scoured many other slopes and gullies. These areas will have LOW avalanche danger due to smaller wind slabs.

2018-12-19 Printable PDF

Forecast Area

Mountain Weather

Howling NW winds died down overnight. Yesterday’s highest gust reached 117 mph with almost 12 hours of wind in the high 80 to 100 mph range. 1.6” of new snow was recorded on the summit in the past 24 hours. Our well sheltered snow plots saw significant wind scouring and drifting in the past 24 hours. Temperature will rebound today and has already risen to 9F following a low temperature yesterday of -9F. Expect NW winds to continue to diminish to a much more hospitable 50 mph. The high temperature will reach into the low 20’sF on the summit under clearing skies.

Primary Avalanche Problem – Wind Slab

Wind Slab




Steep leeward slopes which did not avalanche yesterday will be stubborn to the point of being unreactive today. Despite their steely and stiff nature, it’s best to continue to use normal, safe travel precautions when travelling on or below these slabs.

What is a Windslab Avalanche?

  Wind Slab avalanches are the release of a cohesive layer of snow (a slab) formed by the wind. Wind typically transports snow from the upwind sides of terrain features and deposits snow on the downwind side. Wind slabs are often smooth and rounded and sometimes sound hollow, and can range from soft to hard. Wind slabs that form over a persistent weak layer (surface hoar, depth hoar, or near-surface facets) may be termed Persistent Slabs or may develop into Persistent Slabs.

Snowpack and Avalanche Discussion

It remains to be seen what natural avalanche activity occurred yesterday due to the lack of visibility. Four inches of snow in the past 48 hours, plus whatever snow the howling winds dug up and moved, likely generated a decent avalanche cycle on eastern aspects and may have even ripped up some of the rain crust scattered around the terrain, both in the alpine and in the ravines. If you are digging or doing stability tests, you’ll likely find fractures initiating at moderate load force but not likely to see much snow with propagation potential. The ability of slabs to propagate a crack is a better indication of slope stability in wind slabs than the tendency of the weaker interface to crack, which it almost always does.

Additional Concerns

The Sherburne and Gulf of Slides ski trails are snow covered to Pinkham Notch. Following yesterday’s wind event, you’ll want sharp edges on your skis and quick reflexes for dodging limbs on the ground.

Snow Plot Information

Density (%)HSTTotalAir TT MaxT MinSkyPrecipComments
0 CM 0 MM0CM213 CM-1.5 C0.0 C-11.5 COvercastNo precipitation
0 CM 0 MM0CM214 CM-11.0 C-4.5 C-14.0 CClearNo precipitation
0 CM 0.0 MMNC215 CM-13.0 C-9.5 C-15.0 CFewNo precipitation
Trace 0.1 MMNC216 CM-15.5 C-13.0 C-15.5 CBrokenSnowView
4 CM 3.7 MM 9%4CM218 CM-14.5 C-2.5 C-15.0 CBrokenNo precipitation

Avalanche Log and Summit Weather

Daily Observations

Thank you Mount Washington Observatory for providing daily weather data from the summit of Mount Washington.

DateMax TempMin TempTotal (SWE)24H Snow & IceWind AvgWind Fastest MileFastest Mile DirAvalanche Activity
03/20/1917 F1 F 0.0 in 0.0 in32 MPH58 MPH

270 (W)

03/19/194 F-4 FTrace Trace 43.4 MPH63 MPH

300 (WNW)

03/18/193 F-6 F 0.03 in 0 in52.1 MPH82 MPH

280 (W)

03/17/192 F-6 F 0.07 in .5 in61.5 MPH110 MPH

270 (W)

03/16/1925 F2 F 0.24 in 2.3 in67.5 MPH97 MPH

280 (W)

03/15/1941 F25 F 0.04 inTrace 54 MPH105 MPH

250 (WSW)

03/14/1940 F17 F Trace in Trace in27.7 MPH75 MPH

200 (SSW)

03/13/1924 F11 F .07 in .8 in29 MPH52 MPH

290 (WNW)

03/12/1911 F-1 F 0.14 in 1.9 in65 MPH104 MPH

280 (W)

03/11/1917 F6 F 0.35 in 4.4 in77 MPH114 MPH

280 (W)

03/10/1925 F4 F .35 in 3.7 in47.2 MPH94 MPH

150 (SSE)

03/09/1919 F0 F 0 in 0 in36.1 MPH70 MPH

290 (WNW)

Please Remember:

Safe travel in avalanche terrain requires training and experience. This forecast is just one tool to help you make your own decisions in avalanche terrain. You control your own risk by choosing where, when, and how you travel.

Avalanche danger may change when actual weather differs from the higher summits forecast.

For more information contact the US Forest Service Snow Rangers, AMC visitor services staff at the Pinkham Notch Visitor Center, or the caretakers at Hermit Lake Shelters or seasonally at the Harvard Cabin (generally December 1 through March 31). The Mount Washington Ski Patrol is also available on spring weekends.

Posted 12/19/2018 at 7:09 AM.

Frank Carus
USDA Forest Service
White Mountain National Forest