Avalanche Forecast for Tuesday, January 8, 2019

This information was published 01/08/2019 at 7:07 AM.
A new forecast will be issued tomorrow.


This is an archived avalanche forecast and expired on 01/08/2019 at midnight.

The Bottom Line

New snow may form small wind slabs today, however the small to large wind slabs formed Sunday night remain the main concern today. Respect these areas of drifted snow that can be identified by their smooth and pillowy appearance. These relatively hard wind slabs are notoriously tricky to assess, so don’t let your guard down. Avalanche danger is MODERATE today for a majority of our forecast areas, with the Northern Gullies of Huntington Ravine and low elevations having LOW avalanche danger due to a lack of recently deposited snow.

2019-1-8 Printable One-Page PDF

Mountain Weather

After mostly clear skies and diminishing wind yesterday, snow has begun to fall this morning. Just under an inch of snow has accumulated at Hermit Lake. Overnight winds reached 50 mph out of the S and have shifted SW. Snowfall should taper off by noon, with another inch or two accumulating. Wind should remain SW and begin to diminish late morning today, ultimately to around 20 mph by dark. Our terrain may receive up to a tenth of an inch of freezing drizzle this afternoon. Tonight, precipitation should intensify again and fall as all snow. Heaviest snowfall is expected tomorrow morning.

Primary Avalanche Problem – Wind Slab

Wind Slab




New snow overnight and this morning may form small new wind slabs, but the larger avalanche problem remains the wind slabs formed Sunday night into yesterday morning. These slabs can specifically be found on the eastern half of the compass rose and vary from inches to possibly several feet thick. Areas of scouring and heavily wind textured sastrugi snow can be found, and we expect scouring to be prevalent on the west side of the range. The smooth and generally smooth wind slab will be stubborn to a human trigger today, though it is the dominant snow surface in select easterly terrain and remains capable of producing a large avalanche in such terrain.

  Wind Slab avalanches are the release of a cohesive layer of snow (a slab) formed by the wind. Wind typically transports snow from the upwind sides of terrain features and deposits snow on the downwind side. Wind slabs are often smooth and rounded and sometimes sound hollow, and can range from soft to hard. Wind slabs that form over a persistent weak layer (surface hoar, depth hoar, or near-surface facets) may be termed Persistent Slabs or may develop into Persistent Slabs.

Forecast Discussion

Several layers of wind slab formed over the past week comprise our upper snowpack. Those formed Sunday and into early Monday remain the primary concern, though are generally hard and therefore stubborn to a human trigger. The extreme wind speeds early yesterday also resulted in scoured areas and heavily textured snow. Visually locating the smooth wind slabs which are the avalanche problem remains a key field observation. It may be possible to avoid the avalanche problem given good visual observations. With more snow on the way, be aware that while stubborn to a human trigger these slabs may contribute to the overall size of potential avalanches tomorrow. Further, the chance of freezing drizzle this afternoon will proceed tonight’s heavy snowfall and may result in an icy crust beneath new slabs tomorrow.

Snow Plot Information

Density (%)HSTTotalAir TT MaxT MinSkyPrecipComments
0 CMTrace 0CM103 CM-18.5 C-12.0 C-22.0 COvercastNo precipitationView
22 CM 16.6 MM 9%26CM107 CM-20.0 C-4.0 C-22.0 CFewNo precipitation
3 CM 2.9 MM 11%NC85 CM-7.0 C-4.0 C-7.0 COvercastSnow
2 CM MM 16%NC82 CM-4.0 C-3.5 C-7.0 COvercastSnowView
Trace 1.0 MMTrace79 CM-7.0 C-2.0 C-9.0 COvercastNo precipitation

Avalanche Log and Summit Weather

Thank you Mount Washington Observatory for providing daily weather data from the summit of Mount Washington.

DateMax TempMin TempTotal (SWE)24H Snow & IceWind AvgWind Fastest MileFastest Mile DirAvalanche Activity
01/17/204 F-18 F .03 in .4 in75 MPH110 MPH

320 (NW)

01/16/2018 F-11 F .048 in 6.1 in43.3 MPH117 MPH

330 (NNW)

01/15/2020 F11 F 0.25 in 1.8 in9.3 MPH74 MPH

290 (WNW)

01/14/2020 F10 F 0.03 in 0.7 in32 MPH69 MPH

280 (W)

01/13/2022 F14 F .04 in .8 in49.5 MPH81 MPH

240 (WSW)

01/12/2045 F8 F .84 in .4 in58.4 MPH104 MPH

260 (W)

01/11/2042 F29 F .32 in 0 in68.8 MPH119 MPH

230 (SW)

01/10/2030 F12 F .22 in 1.3 in63.4 MPH102 MPH

260 (W)

01/09/2015 F-14 F .04 in .4 in50.1 MPH114 MPH

310 (NW)

01/08/2013 F-8 F .52 in 5.2 in43.5 MPH95 MPH

290 (WNW)

01/07/2016 F1 F .17 in 1.6 in41.8 MPH90 MPH

280 (W)

01/06/2010 F3 F .2 in 2.2 in32.8 MPH71 MPH

270 (W)

Please Remember:

Safe travel in avalanche terrain requires training and experience. This forecast is just one tool to help you make your own decisions in avalanche terrain. You control your own risk by choosing where, when, and how you travel.

Avalanche danger may change when actual weather differs from the higher summits forecast.

For more information contact the US Forest Service Snow Rangers, AMC visitor services staff at the Pinkham Notch Visitor Center, or the caretakers at Hermit Lake Shelters or seasonally at the Harvard Cabin (generally December 1 through March 31). The Mount Washington Ski Patrol is also available on spring weekends.

Posted 01/08/2019 at 7:07 AM.

Ryan Matz, Snow Ranger
USDA Forest Service
White Mountain National Forest