Avalanche Forecast for Thursday, March 28, 2019

This forecast was published 03/28/2019 at 7:05 AM.
A new forecast will be issued tomorrow.


This is an archived avalanche forecast and expired on 03/28/2019 at midnight.

The Bottom Line

We are starting the day with LOW avalanche danger in all forecast areas. Generally unreactive wind slabs in the terrain have had time to settle and strengthen but will be subjected to some heating today. Cold, dry, chalky slabs on shady mid elevation slopes may survive the warm-up today but sunny aspects are likely to soften in the sun this morning. Remember that softening of a firm wind slab equals weakening so keep your guard up and manage your exposure to this hazard. As this heating occurs, the potential to trigger a larger slab may push the avalanche danger to MODERATE on sunny or warm aspects and elevations.


Forecast Area

Mountain Weather

Temperatures rose yesterday in the full sunshine to above the freezing mark at Ravine elevations. The air temperature on the summit reached a high of 18F by late afternoon where it remained overnight and will rise further to the mid-20s today. The current temperature at Gray Knob is 24F, at Harvard Cabin, 30F with 28F at 4,000’ on the Auto Road. Expect partly cloudy skies by noon to increase in coverage through the day. Summit wind is currently from the west-southwest at around 40 mph which will shift a bit to the west and increase slowly through the day, reaching the 40-55 mph range by nightfall as clouds fill the sky. Light precipitation arrives tonight with an inch of snow up high and rain at lower elevations.

Primary Avalanche Problem – Wind Slab

Wind Slab




The two main wind slab types in avalanche terrain will be subjected to limited warming today. Softer wind slabs will respond first to any warming that occurs today though these slabs are isolated. Firmer wind slabs may soften a bit further than yesterday on the surface which could weaken their bridging power over any lingering weak layer. Human-triggering of these slabs hinges on the degree of warming that occurs today.

  Wind Slab avalanches are the release of a cohesive layer of snow (a slab) formed by the wind. Wind typically transports snow from the upwind sides of terrain features and deposits snow on the downwind side. Wind slabs are often smooth and rounded and sometimes sound hollow, and can range from soft to hard. Wind slabs that form over a persistent weak layer (surface hoar, depth hoar, or near-surface facets) may be termed Persistent Slabs or may develop into Persistent Slabs.

Secondary Avalanche Problem – Wet Loose

Wet Loose




Lower elevation slopes have been heated already this week and don’t contain much other than small, unreactive slabs on otherwise mostly refrozen snow. Temperatures will push above freezing quickly this morning. Webster cliff gullies with enough snow in them could have this problem. Loose wet activity on larger mid elevation slopes and gullies should be easily manageable.

  Wet Loose avalanches are the release of wet unconsolidated snow or slush. These avalanches typically occur within layers of wet snow near the surface of the snowpack, but they may quickly gouge into lower snowpack layers. Like Loose Dry Avalanches, they start at a point and entrain snow as they move downhill, forming a fan-shaped avalanche. Other names for loose-wet avalanches include point-release avalanches or sluffs. Loose Wet avalanches can trigger slab avalanches that break into deeper snow layers.

Snowpack and Avalanche Discussion

Instability caused by warming can occur quickly. Competing weather factors today make pinning down the rate of warming difficult. Increasing cloud cover can provide shade on a slope but can also reflect enough radiation to create a greenhouse effect if the cloud cover is thin. The prevailing opinion among forecasters this morning is that heating won’t be enough to wet the slabs to create a wet avalanche problem but the limited warming that we will see today is enough to raise doubts about the reliability of large slabs that remain in the terrain following last weekend’s avalanche cycle. The areas of most concern for this to occur would be in the hangfire in Sluice and Lip in Tuckerman Ravine as well as in Oakes Gulf or similar slopes. Though it’s a remote risk, it pays to increase your margin by limiting your time spent on or under these slopes…booting up a lower angle or shady line will reduce your chance of triggering the slope even further.

Snow Plot Information

Density (%)HSTTotalAir TT MaxT MinSkyPrecipComments
3 CM 9.4 MM 21%3CM19 CM-2.5 C1.5 C-2.5 COvercastNo precipitation
0 CM 5.9 MM0CM17 CM1.0 C2.0 C-10.0 COvercastRain
0 CM 0 MM0CM21 CM-6.0 C-4.5 C-11.5 CBrokenNo precipitation
0 CM 0 MM0CM23 CM-11.5 C-9.0 C-14.0 CClearNo precipitation
3 CM 2.3 MM 11%3CM23 CM-13.5 C-5.0 C-14.0 CClearNo precipitation

Avalanche Log and Summit Weather

Thank you Mount Washington Observatory for providing daily weather data from the summit of Mount Washington.

DateMax TempMin TempTotal (SWE)24H Snow & IceWind AvgWind Fastest MileFastest Mile DirAvalanche Activity
05/30/1946 F36 F 0 in 0 in27.9 MPH55 MPH

290 (WNW)

05/29/1947 F33 F 0 in 0 in20 MPH48 MPH

290 (WNW)

05/28/1934 F28 F .71 in 3.7 in20 MPH48 MPH

290 (WNW)

05/27/1940 F27 FTrace 0 in38.9 MPH68 MPH

300 (WNW)

05/26/1948 F39 F .77 in 0 in48.7 MPH75 MPH

290 (WNW)

05/25/1947 F31 F .42 in 0 in17.7 MPH63 MPH

240 (WSW)

05/24/1942 F32 F .66 in 0 in44.8 MPH105 MPH

05/23/1944 F30 F .16 in 0 in26.8 MPH71 MPH

270 (W)

05/22/1934 F21 F 0 in 0 in36.2 MPH115 MPH

330 (NNW)

05/21/1934 F23 F .57 in 1.9 in73 MPH135 MPH

330 (NNW)

05/20/1951 F33 F 0.57 in 0.0 in48 MPH82 MPH

250 (WSW)

05/19/1951 F34 F .6 in 0 in34.2 MPH66 MPH

250 (WSW)

Please Remember:

Safe travel in avalanche terrain requires training and experience. This forecast is just one tool to help you make your own decisions in avalanche terrain. You control your own risk by choosing where, when, and how you travel.

Avalanche danger may change when actual weather differs from the higher summits forecast.

For more information contact the US Forest Service Snow Rangers, AMC visitor services staff at the Pinkham Notch Visitor Center, or the caretakers at Hermit Lake Shelters or seasonally at the Harvard Cabin (generally December 1 through March 31). The Mount Washington Ski Patrol is also available on spring weekends.

Posted 03/28/2019 at 7:05 AM.

Frank Carus
USDA Forest Service
White Mountain National Forest