Avalanche Forecast for Thursday, March 14, 2019

This information was published 03/14/2019 at 7:10 AM.
A new forecast will be issued tomorrow.


This is an archived avalanche forecast and expired on 03/14/2019 at midnight.

The Bottom Line

Wind slabs sitting on old ice crusts will experience rapid warming today. Most of these slabs are firm but they are also over softer snow. As these slabs warm and weaken, the unlikely possibility of a larger sized avalanche will increase. When surface slabs begin to get wet and sloppy today, human triggered avalanches will increase in likelihood. Loose wet avalanches or sluffs are one sign that this process is getting started. Larger slopes and gullies below 3500’, like those in Crawford Notch, may produce an avalanche large enough to hurt you or even bury you as well. MODERATE avalanche danger exists today with larger avalanche possible.

2019-3-14 Printable

Mountain Weather

A warm front arrives today and will push temperatures to near 40F on the summit and near 50 in Crawford Notch. Expect calm winds this morning from the west at 10-12 mph before shifting southwest and increasing to 25-40 mph. Currently, the temperature on the summit is 28F with about ¾” of new snow in the past 24 hours. Some drizzle is possible later this afternoon. Warm temperatures and showers will continue overnight and into tomorrow before temperatures drop and snow showers return. It looks as if dust on crust and long sliding fall conditions will return on Saturday.

Primary Avalanche Problem – Wet Slab

Wet Slab




Weak layers of softer snow slowly gained strength in the past 24-48 hours. Expect reduced stability today as warm temperatures and a bit of rain weaken bonds in surface snow and send free water into the snow pack. Older wind slabs scattered around the range are bordering on the definition of persistent slabs which could create a larger avalanche than expected.

  Wet Slab avalanches are the release of a cohesive layer of snow (a slab) that is generally moist or wet when the flow of liquid water weakens the bond between the slab and the surface below (snow or ground). They often occur during prolonged warming events and/or rain-on-snow events. Wet Slabs can be very unpredictable and destructive.

Secondary Avalanche Problem – Wet Loose

Wet Loose




Areas of softer snow will be affected more quickly by sun and warm temperatures. Wet loose sluffs may occur on or below steep areas, especially on or below cliffs that absorb sunshine. This type of avalanche is a warning sign for the more dangerous wet slab avalanche type. Wet loose avalanches or sluffs can add load to and trigger a slab.

  Wet Loose avalanches are the release of wet unconsolidated snow or slush. These avalanches typically occur within layers of wet snow near the surface of the snowpack, but they may quickly gouge into lower snowpack layers. Like Loose Dry Avalanches, they start at a point and entrain snow as they move downhill, forming a fan-shaped avalanche. Other names for loose-wet avalanches include point-release avalanches or sluffs. Loose Wet avalanches can trigger slab avalanches that break into deeper snow layers.

Forecast Discussion

Southeast Snowfields Avalanche – Summit Cone -March 29, 2014

Our snowpack structure bears a resemblance to the 2013-14 snowpack that produced a very large and destructive avalanche on the summit cone on March 29th of that season. This year’s melt/freeze crusts have facilitated large avalanches this season as well. Icy crusts and cold temperatures are one recipe for weak crystal types to form deep in the snowpack. Weather conditions this season have created enough crusts and cold temps to put deeper weak layers on the list of things to consider when travelling around the forecast area when temperatures rise and melting begins. Our wind driven snowpack and avalanche problems result in a very spatially diverse snowpack which fortunately keeps that type of avalanche unusual here. Unusual avalanches are one reason that make it a good idea to carry a beacon, probe and shovel and minimize your exposure in avalanche terrain.

Snow Plot Information

Density (%)HSTTotalAir TT MaxT MinSkyPrecipComments
0 CMTrace 0CM103 CM-18.5 C-12.0 C-22.0 COvercastNo precipitationView
22 CM 16.6 MM 9%26CM107 CM-20.0 C-4.0 C-22.0 CFewNo precipitation
3 CM 2.9 MM 11%NC85 CM-7.0 C-4.0 C-7.0 COvercastSnow
2 CM MM 16%NC82 CM-4.0 C-3.5 C-7.0 COvercastSnowView
Trace 1.0 MMTrace79 CM-7.0 C-2.0 C-9.0 COvercastNo precipitation

Avalanche Log and Summit Weather

Thank you Mount Washington Observatory for providing daily weather data from the summit of Mount Washington.

DateMax TempMin TempTotal (SWE)24H Snow & IceWind AvgWind Fastest MileFastest Mile DirAvalanche Activity
01/17/204 F-18 F .03 in .4 in75 MPH110 MPH

320 (NW)

01/16/2018 F-11 F .048 in 6.1 in43.3 MPH117 MPH

330 (NNW)

01/15/2020 F11 F 0.25 in 1.8 in9.3 MPH74 MPH

290 (WNW)

01/14/2020 F10 F 0.03 in 0.7 in32 MPH69 MPH

280 (W)

01/13/2022 F14 F .04 in .8 in49.5 MPH81 MPH

240 (WSW)

01/12/2045 F8 F .84 in .4 in58.4 MPH104 MPH

260 (W)

01/11/2042 F29 F .32 in 0 in68.8 MPH119 MPH

230 (SW)

01/10/2030 F12 F .22 in 1.3 in63.4 MPH102 MPH

260 (W)

01/09/2015 F-14 F .04 in .4 in50.1 MPH114 MPH

310 (NW)

01/08/2013 F-8 F .52 in 5.2 in43.5 MPH95 MPH

290 (WNW)

01/07/2016 F1 F .17 in 1.6 in41.8 MPH90 MPH

280 (W)

01/06/2010 F3 F .2 in 2.2 in32.8 MPH71 MPH

270 (W)

Please Remember:

Safe travel in avalanche terrain requires training and experience. This forecast is just one tool to help you make your own decisions in avalanche terrain. You control your own risk by choosing where, when, and how you travel.

Avalanche danger may change when actual weather differs from the higher summits forecast.

For more information contact the US Forest Service Snow Rangers, AMC visitor services staff at the Pinkham Notch Visitor Center, or the caretakers at Hermit Lake Shelters or seasonally at the Harvard Cabin (generally December 1 through March 31). The Mount Washington Ski Patrol is also available on spring weekends.

Posted 03/14/2019 at 7:10 AM.

Frank Carus
USDA Forest Service
White Mountain National Forest