Avalanche Forecast for Thursday, April 4, 2019

This forecast was published 04/04/2019 at 7:04 AM.
A new forecast will be issued tomorrow.


This is an archived avalanche forecast and expired on 04/04/2019 at midnight.

The Bottom Line

Avalanche problems today are isolated and easy to manage. Wind drifted snow can be found and identified in our forecast area by it’s clean, white appearance, but is unlikely to produce an avalanche. The avalanche danger rating for the Presidential Range today is LOW; generally safe avalanche conditions exist. The potential for long, sliding falls is real and should be on the radar of anyone venturing above treeline. Crampons, an ice axe, and the savvy to use these tools are necessary for safe travel in avalanche terrain today.

Printable 2019-04-04

Forecast Area

Avalanche Safety Information Study

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Mountain Weather

Yesterday saw summit temperatures decrease from the low 20sF to a current 1F, wind from the west increased and peaked at 90 mph for two hours late in the evening, and 1” of snow produced by 0.13” of liquid precipitation. Our snowplots around the Presidential Range all recorded a trace of snowfall. Today, despite skies clearing, wind will remain elevated in the 70-90 mph range with temperatures staying cold. Upslope snow flurries may linger this morning, but these will produce minimal amounts of snow. Temperatures will moderate tomorrow with calming wind before precipitation comes Friday night.

Primary Avalanche Problem – Wind Slab

Wind Slab




Small wind slabs can be found on slopes on the south-east half of the compass, particularly in the lee of terrain features that provide some shelter from strong wind. These wind slabs formed over several days each producing less than an inch of snowfall. High wind speeds on Monday and again yesterday afternoon have helped make these unreactive to human triggers despite the fact that they sit on an icy bed surface.

What is a Windslab Avalanche?

  Wind Slab avalanches are the release of a cohesive layer of snow (a slab) formed by the wind. Wind typically transports snow from the upwind sides of terrain features and deposits snow on the downwind side. Wind slabs are often smooth and rounded and sometimes sound hollow, and can range from soft to hard. Wind slabs that form over a persistent weak layer (surface hoar, depth hoar, or near-surface facets) may be termed Persistent Slabs or may develop into Persistent Slabs.

Snowpack and Avalanche Discussion

The most recent thaw the snowpack in avalanche terrain experienced occurred this past weekend. Mid and upper elevations spent about 30 hours above freezing while elevations below 3500’ saw an even longer period of warming before temperatures dropped quickly overnight on Sunday. The melt/freeze crust created has stabilized our snow into an ideal surface for long sliding falls. Self-arresting on this kind of surface is difficult due to the rapid acceleration that occurs. The safest mitigation for this is to avoid taking a fall; put crampons on sooner expected and make purposeful movements. Small amounts of snowfall this week with periods of extreme wind speed have left many slopes scoured with areas of wind slab in the lee of W and NW wind. These wind slabs are easy to identify by the stark contrast of colors when compared next to the melt/freeze crust and easy to avoid due to their largely disconnected nature.

Additional Concerns

The Sherburne and Gulf of Slides ski trails are snow covered to Pinkham Notch. 

Details on daily snowfall totals, precipitation type, total depth of snow and other information can be found on our page devoted to snow study plot data. Click here to check it out.

Recent snowpack and avalanche observations can be found here and on Instagram. Your observations help improve our forecast product. Please take a moment and submit a photo or two and a brief description of snow and avalanche information that you gather in the field.

Snow Plot Information

Density (%)HSTTotalAir TT MaxT MinSkyPrecipComments
0 CM 1.7 MM0CM146 CM4.5 C7.0 C2.0 COvercastNo precipitation
0 CM 10.4 MM0CM152 CM3.0 C12.0 C1.0 COvercastRain
0 CM 0.0 MM0CM156 CM1.0 C10.0 C1.0 CFewNo precipitation
0 CM 28.0 MM0CM160 CM6.5 C11.0 C6.5 CBrokenNo precipitation
0 CM 16.5 MM0CM175 CM9.5 C12.0 C6.5 COvercastRain

Avalanche Log and Summit Weather

Daily Observations

Thank you Mount Washington Observatory for providing daily weather data from the summit of Mount Washington.

DateMax TempMin TempTotal (SWE)24H Snow & IceWind AvgWind Fastest MileFastest Mile DirAvalanche Activity
04/23/1946 F33 F .18 in 0.0 in25.8 MPH60 MPH

240 (WSW)

04/22/1942 F33 F .15 in 0.0 in18.1 MPH54 MPH

50 (NE)

04/21/1945 F36 F 0.21 in 0 in23.8 MPH66 MPH

170 (S)

04/20/1949 F43 F 1.11 in 0 in42.6 MPH96 MPH

240 (WSW)

04/19/1947 F41 F 0.23 in 0 in46 MPH95 MPH

240 (WSW)

04/18/1942 F18 F .23 in .2 in39.4 MPH98 MPH

240 (WSW)

04/17/1925 F15 F 0 in 0 in28.8 MPH82 MPH

330 (NNW)

04/16/1916 F12 F .28 in 1.5 in82.2 MPH142 MPH

290 (WNW)

04/15/1945 F12 F .97 in 1.6 in55.6 MPH133 MPH

290 (WNW)

04/14/1945 F24 F 0.22 in 0 in53 MPH85 MPH

290 (WNW)

04/13/1941 F28 F 0.09 in 0 in55.8 MPH86 MPH

280 (W)

04/12/1941 F20 F 0.15 in 0.0 in47 MPH106 MPH

240 (WSW)

Please Remember:

Safe travel in avalanche terrain requires training and experience. This forecast is just one tool to help you make your own decisions in avalanche terrain. You control your own risk by choosing where, when, and how you travel.

Avalanche danger may change when actual weather differs from the higher summits forecast.

For more information contact the US Forest Service Snow Rangers, AMC visitor services staff at the Pinkham Notch Visitor Center, or the caretakers at Hermit Lake Shelters or seasonally at the Harvard Cabin (generally December 1 through March 31). The Mount Washington Ski Patrol is also available on spring weekends.

Posted 04/04/2019 at 7:04 AM.

Helon Hoffer
USDA Forest Service
White Mountain National Forest