Avalanche Forecast for Saturday, April 13, 2019

This information was published 04/13/2019 at 6:59 AM.


This is an archived avalanche forecast.

The Bottom Line

Above freezing temperatures, and some rain since yesterday morning, will make it possible for you to trigger a wet slab avalanche today. Wind slabs that formed midweek will continue to be unstable until freezing temperatures return. Wet loose avalanches that skiers or snowboarders may initiate are also possible and could help trigger a wet slab. A key characteristic of wet slab avalanches is that they’re hard to predict. Realize that key ingredients for wet slab avalanches are present today and that stability tests are of little use in assessing the snowpack. All forecast areas have MODERATE avalanche danger. Evaluate the consequences of these difficult to predict wet slab avalanches in any terrain you choose to enter today. Also consider your exposure to emerging spring hazards like icefall, rockfall, and water flowing beneath undermined snow as warming continues.


Mountain Weather

The summit of Mount Washington has been above freezing since mid-morning yesterday. Temperatures increased overnight to 40F on the summit and 46F at our snow plots, and around a tenth of an inch of rain fell. Rain showers continue this morning, tapering off early with a chance for partially clearing skies through the day, and may produce another tenth of an inch or more. All elevations should warm a few degrees through the day before cooling after dark. Our snowpack in the ravines will be on the cusp of undergoing a refreeze tonight. Westerly summit wind in the 40-60 mph range today should increase overnight. Tomorrow’s forecast calls for increasing clouds, high temperatures just above freezing at ravine levels and just below freezing on the summit, NW summit wind around 80 mph, and rain or mixed forms of precipitation starting in the evening.

Primary Avalanche Problem – Wet Slab

Wet Slab




Continued warming has made wet slabs of the wind slabs that were built earlier this week. You’re most likely to find this avalanche problem on the eastern half of the compass rose. If you have good visibility, it may be possible to discern the bright white wetting wind slabs from a more grey, older snow surface, allowing some options to avoid this avalanche problem. Exactly when and where you might trigger a wet slab avalanche is very hard to predict, making today a particularly poor day attempt to outsmart the avalanche problem.

  Wet Slab avalanches are the release of a cohesive layer of snow (a slab) that is generally moist or wet when the flow of liquid water weakens the bond between the slab and the surface below (snow or ground). They often occur during prolonged warming events and/or rain-on-snow events. Wet Slabs can be very unpredictable and destructive.

Secondary Avalanche Problem – Wet Loose

Wet Loose




Wet loose avalanches are possible on all aspects and all snow surfaces in steep terrain. These wet sluffs may be easy to initiate under your skis or board and carry a lot of weight. They can easily knock you off your feet, so consider the consequences of a sluff-induced fall in terrain you choose. These sluffs may also help trigger a wet slab avalanche.

  Wet Loose avalanches are the release of wet unconsolidated snow or slush. These avalanches typically occur within layers of wet snow near the surface of the snowpack, but they may quickly gouge into lower snowpack layers. Like Loose Dry Avalanches, they start at a point and entrain snow as they move downhill, forming a fan-shaped avalanche. Other names for loose-wet avalanches include point-release avalanches or sluffs. Loose Wet avalanches can trigger slab avalanches that break into deeper snow layers.

Forecast Discussion

Our upper snowpack is currently in the middle of the strongest warming period in the past week. Slabs formed on W and NW wind into Thursday morning have warmed since and not experienced a refreeze. Small wind slabs formed earlier in the week have warmed and refrozen, but are warming to a greater degree currently. These recent layers sit on a previously hard crust. Warming and moisture continues to penetrate into the snowpack, with snow temperatures at our Hermit Lake snow plot currently 32F on the surface, 10 cm down, and 20 cm down. The wetting recent wind slabs are our primary wet slab avalanche concern. Acknowledge this poor structure of a relatively new layer of snow, over a crust, that is undergoing its first significant warming. Wet slab avalanches are hard to predict, but the key ingredients are present today.

We are working as quickly as possible to release further details regarding the avalanche burial that occurred on Thursday afternoon. We hope that accurate details will provide learning opportunities to the avalanche community.

Additional Information

The Sherburne and Gulf of Slides ski trails are snow covered to Pinkham Notch.

Details on daily snowfall totals, precipitation type, total depth of snow and other information can be found on our page devoted to snow study plot data. Click here to check it out.

Recent snowpack and avalanche observations can be found here and on Instagram. Your observations help improve our forecast product. Please take a moment and submit a photo or two and a brief description of snow and avalanche information that you gather in the field.

Please Remember:

Safe travel in avalanche terrain requires training and experience. This forecast is just one tool to help you make your own decisions in avalanche terrain. You control your own risk by choosing where, when, and how you travel.

Avalanche danger may change when actual weather differs from the higher summits forecast.

For more information contact the US Forest Service Snow Rangers, AMC visitor services staff at the Pinkham Notch Visitor Center, or the caretakers at Hermit Lake Shelters or seasonally at the Harvard Cabin (generally December 1 through March 31). The Mount Washington Ski Patrol is also available on spring weekends.

Posted 04/13/2019 at 6:59 AM.

Ryan Matz, Snow Ranger
USDA Forest Service
White Mountain National Forest